What Is Tenkara Fly Fishing? Tenkara is a Japanese type of fly fishing that became known outside of Japan around the year 2009. A man named Daniel Galhardo popularized Tenkara fly fishing with the founding of his company Tenkara USA.
テンカラ is Japanese for Tenkara which means “from heaven,” or “from the skies” according to Wikipedia.
Tenkara Japanese Style of Fly Fishing
Tenkara is the technique used in fishing for trout in the mountain streams of Japan. This technique is a lot like the fly fishing we westerners know, but the term Tenkara is strictly the Japanese style of fly fishing.
How Tenkara Fly Fishing Started
This Japanese style of fly fishing has been around for about 200 years and was introduced to western countries around 2009. So it is a very new style of fly fishing comparatively. Tenkara is very popular in Japan, and we are just starting to find out the benefits of this type of fly fishing here in the West.
Tenkara was used initially in the mountain streams by professional anglers in Japan. This technique made it easy to catch the traditional fish found in Japan like the Amago, Iwana, and Yamama. Initially, they used long poles made out of bamboo which is abundant in Japan. They also didn’t need the use of reels as we use in the west because of the length of the poles.
How to Choose a Tenkara Fly Rod
Choosing the right tenkara fly rod is important because the more comfortable when using the rod the better chance you will have at catching more fish. I will now explain a few things to take into consideration when deciding on the right tenkara rod for you.
What is the best rod length for Tenkara?
Tenkara rods come in various lengths. The standard length of a Tenkara rod is 12 feet but the length you need will depend on where you are fishing. If you are fishing where there are a lot of overhanging branches and the stream is rather small then you will want to opt for a shorter Tenkara rod like a 10 or 11-foot rod.
But if you are fishing in a wide-open river where there are no obstacles in your way then I would go with a 12 foot or longer rod. The main thing other then where you are fishing is that you are comfortable with the length of the rod.
What is the best action for Tenkara?
Tenkara rods have come in two types of action you can choose from. They are soft and stiff. The action you choose is more of a preference than anything. Many tenkara anglers like a softer action rod because they are easy to load and easy to cast.
With a stiffer action rod, you get a stronger rod that’s great for catching large fish and you get more of a precise cast at shorter distances with the stiffer rods.
Most tenkara rods have a soft action because they are designed to fish for smaller species of fish like trout that are 8″ to 18″ long. I would recommend a soft action tenkara rod for the ease of use and because most of the time you will be aiming to catch smaller sized fish. But in the end in all comes down to personal preference and the kinds of rivers and streams you will find yourself fishing at.
Tenkara Fly Fishing Essentials
Tenkara is an easy and effective way to fly fish. The equipment need for this style of fly fishing is minimal compared to the way we fly fish in America. You don’t even need a reel when you are fly fishing Tenkara style! The following is what you are going to need to get started in Tenkara fly fishing.
Tenkara Telescoping Rod
You will need a long rod so a telescoping rod will work best unless you can get a traditional bamboo rod, but this would be difficult to transport. Especially if you are fishing in wooded areas where the streams would be. Tenkara rods are available that are specifically designed for Tenkara fly fishing. These rods are on average about 12 feet long. Prices vary depending on size and brand.
Next, you will need a Tenkara line. This line comes in two different kinds. There are Tenkara level lines and Tenkara tapered lines. These lines can be used by themselves or with a 4-foot tippet at the end of the line which you tie your fly to.
According to Tenkara USA, tapered lines are the easiest to set up and cast with, and they come in a fixed length. The level lines come in a spool with about 65 feet of line and can be cut to length. Try both and whatever one works best for you, go with that one. A 5X tippet is recommended if you are going to use tippets.
Of course, you will need to use a fly when Tenkara fishing. Any type of fly will work with this type of fly fishing. Tenkara USA recommends using Sakasa style fly because they work well in most conditions that you will find when you are out fly-fishing. Sakasa Kebari flies are a reverse hackle wet-fly.
The hackle refers to the hair or fur that is tied to the fly. The hackle is tied facing forward unlike traditional western flies where the hackle is facing the other way on the fly.
Along with the Tenkara rod, line, tippet, and fly you will want to have needle-nose pliers to get the hook out of the fish. Some sort of cutters to cut your line and a holder for your Tenkara line. All of this can be bought in kits that are sold online.
Setting Up a Tenkara Rod
Setting up a Tenkara rod is simple and straight forward. The rod comes with a plug on the end of it. First, remove the plug. Then you want to pull out the braided tip or Lillian as it is called. Make sure to leave the hard tip that the Lillian is attached to in the rod. Next, you want to tie your line to the Lillian. When you have the line tied on you will hold the rod with one hand and slowly slide out the segments of the rod one by one until they are all extended.
How To Close a Tenkara Rod
Now that you know how to set up a Tenkara rod properly you will want to learn how to close it. When collapsing the Tenkara rod you want to start at the base pulling the first segment of the rod in and pull each of the segments in until you have the last one in. You can leave your line tied to the rod and when the entire rod is collapsed you wrap the line around the line holder. If you are done for the day pull the tag from the end of the line and put the rod away.
Now that you have the answer to the question What is Tenkara fly fishing? You will be able to go out and try this simple and effective form of Japanese fly fishing. There are only a few things you need to remember to in order to Tenkara fly fish. You need
- Tenkara telescoping rod
- Tenkara line
- Four-foot tippet
- Tenkara Flies
- Line Holder
- Pliers of Fishing Tool
- Cutters to cut your line
That’s about it. A lot fewer things to remember then your traditional western form of fly fishing. The best part of Tenkara fly fishing is that it is the easiest way to fly fish and a very effective way to fly fish for trout, bluegills, or whatever stream fish you may want to fish for. So the next time you go fly fishing, give Tenkara a try. You might never go back to the old way of fly fishing again!
I hope you enjoyed this article and got some useful information from it. If you have any questions, comments, or have a good fly fishing story to share please leave them in the comments section below. And as always Happy Fishing!